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Applying Birth Certificate in India
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1What is a Birth Certificate & why is it important?

Indian Birth Certificate is an essential record that files birth of a child in nearest Municipal Corporation Office / Panchayat & recognizes the child as an Indian citizen. It has important details like name of the certificate holder, parent�s name, place of birth, gender etc. that precisely identifies a person.

A birth certificate is required for:
    - Seeking admission in educational institutes.
    - Getting employment.
    - Establishing one's age with any institution.
    - Claiming social security benefits (e.g. health schemes).
    - Passport Application.
    - Immigration needs like applying for Green Card.
    - Obtaining certified documents such as Voter's ID, Driving License, Passport, Marriage Certificate, etc.

For more info about Municipal Corporation of India: Click here

2How to apply for a Birth Certificate?

1. Get a birth Certificate Registration Form from the registrar's office (from your municipal authority).
2. When a child is born in a hospital, the form is provided by the Medical Officer Incharge.
3. Fill in the form within 21 days of birth of the child.
4. If birth is not registered within 21 days of it's occurrence, birth certificate is issued after police verification.
5. Once the verification of the birth records (date, time, place of birth, parent's ID proof, nursing home etc.) is
    done by the registrar, birth certificate is issued to the applicant.
6. 7 days after applying for birth certificate, follow up with municipal authority to obtain the birth certificate.
7. By providing a self addressed envelope at the municipality office, the birth certificate is posted to the
    respective address within 7-14 working days.

3When can I collect the Birth Certificate?

1. Birth certificate is issued within 7-15 working days.
2. 7 days after applying for birth certificate, follow up with municipal authority to obtain the birth certificate.
3. By providing a self addressed envelope at the Municipal Corporation Office, the Birth Certificate is posted
    to the respective address.

4Who is responsible for registering a birth?

1. One of the parents or nearest relative(s) are responsible to register the birth of a child in their house.
2. For a child found deserted in a public place, incharge of the local police station is responsible.

5When is a Birth Certificate issued?

1. Birth certificate is issued within 7-15 working days of registration of the birth of the child.
2. The Births & Deaths Act, 1969 requires to register every birth within 21 days of it's occurrence.

6If you have lost your Birth Certificate. How to get a copy of it?

1. Submit an application to the Municipal Corporation Office where the child was born & registered.
2. Mention the reason for applying for a new Birth Certificate in the application.
3. Submit the requisite fee to get the Birth Certificate. Fee may vary from state to state.
4. Application can be submitted by the applicant or father / mother, or the nearest relative.
5. A court fee stamp has to be attached to the application form when applied.
6. Get a notary written in Rs.50 or above according to the Indian judicial stamp paper.
7. Birth certificate will be issued after applying for the same, within 10-15 days.
8. Registration department of Birth Certificate is located at every panchayat & corporation of every state.

7What are the consequences of not applying for a Birth Certificate within 21 days?

1. After 21 to 30 days of the occurrence of birth, Rs. 2 (late fee) will be charged for registration.
2. After 30 days to 1 year of occurrence of birth, Rs. 5 (late fee) will be charged. Also, written permission of 
    the Tehsildar/ Commissioner/ Chief officer is required for registration.
3. After 1 year of occurrence of birth, Rs.10 (late fee) is charged & a permission from SDM of is required.

8How to get a Birth Certificate in case of adoptions?

1. Obtain a Birth Certificate Form from the nearest Municipality Corporation free of cost.
2. Fill up child's & parent's name in the relevant columns.
3. The 'name of hospital' (where the child was born) column is to be left blank.
4. In the section 'Place of Birth', write the Orphanage address from where child has been adopted.
5. Submit the form along with a copy of adoption deed & requisite charges.
6. The Municipality Corporation validates child's availability at the concerned address.
7. If any birth is not found registered, the Registrar shall issue a Non Availability Certificate (NAC is issued
    under The Registration of Births & Deaths Act 1969). For Non Availability Certificate: Click here.
8. Collect the Non Availability Certificate on the due date & use the same to file a petition at the District
    Magistrate's office.
9. Court will issue an order to the Municipality Corporation Officer to generate a birth certificate.
10. Again apply at Municipality Corporation Office & a birth certificate with parent's name will be given.

9Is it possible to make changes in Birth Certificate?

Yes, changes can be made to the birth certificate after it is issued.

1. Write an application requesting the changes required, to the Municipal Corporation Office.
2. Application has to be signed by 2 gazetted officers with their seal.
3. Submit:
    - Original Birth Certificate.
    - A declaration signed by notary on a Rs.10 stamp paper & state all the changes required.
    - Proof of changes required in Birth Certificate (attested by a Gazetted Officer).
4. Follow up with the Municipal Corporation Officer & it will be issued within 7-14 days.
5. Documents required are as follows,
    - Driving License
    - Passport/PAN Card
    - Voter ID
    - Ration Card
    - Education Certificates/ School Leaving Certificate
    - Consent letter from the concerned Hospital regarding correction to the effect.
6. All these documents are to be attested by a Gazetted Officer.

*Fee : Correction Charges for Birth Certificate varies as per state rules

10Who will sanction the birth certificate?

The Registrar (Birth) of the respective area has the authority to sanction the certificate.

11What if I don't have a Birth Certificate?

Person without a birth certificate will not be identified as an Indian citizen & will not be eligible to reap all the benefits/ rights.