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How to get pregnant
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1WHAT IS INFERTILITY?

Infertility is the inability to conceive after having unprotected sex for more than 1 year (6 months in case you are 35 yrs & above). It is of 2 types:
1. Male Infertility
2. Female Infertility
Though it is a common belief that women account for infertility. But the matter of fact is, males are responsible for more than 40% infertility cases in India.

2TALK TO YOUR GYNAECOLOGIST

1. You & your spouse may be advised to undergo few fertility tests to find the reason of your infertility.
2. Some of the tests are:
      - Semen Analysis (to determine the sperm count, shape and other possible causes of not conceiving).
      - Hormone Testing & Blood Tests (to check hormonal imbalances).
      - Ultrasound (to diagnose infertility in both male & female).

3KNOW THE REASON OF INFERTILITY

Though there can be different reasons of infertility, some of common reasons are:
1. Male Infertility:
     - Low sperm count.
     - Inability of sperms to move/travel to the egg.
     - Presence of blood in the semen.
     - Inability to get & maintain erection.
     - Failure to ejaculate.
     - Presence of dead sperms in semen.
2. Female Infertility:
     - Age factor (fertility declines a lot after the age of 35 yrs).
     - Blocked/damaged fallopian tubes.
     - Hormonal problems.
     - Ovary disorders.
     - Unexplained infertility.
     - Cervical blockage.
     - Thyroid.

4IVF TECHNIQUE

1. IVF or In Vitro Fertilisation is a process where female eggs are fertilised by sperms outside the body.
2. In this process fertilisation takes place outside the female's body.
3. Babies born as a result of IVF technique are known as Test Tube Babies.
4. This treatment is useful when other methods of conceiving have failed.
5. It is recommended in case of:
     - Age related infertility.
     - Frequent miscarriages.
     - Male infertility.
     - Unexplained infertility.
     - Women with a damaged uterus or abnormal fallopian tubes.
6. The success rate of having is baby after this treatment is not very high. It is just around 30%.

5IUI TECHNIQUE

1. IUI or Intra Uterine Insemination is the process of artificial insemination where the sperms are introduced
    in the woman's womb at the time of ovulation.
2. Objective of this is to bring sperms near the egg so that the travel time & path of sperms is reduced.
3. It is recommended in case of:
     - Men with low sperm count.
     - Inability of sperms to move or travel.
     - Couples unable to have intercourse because of some medical problems, injury or disability.
     - Unexplained infertility.
     - Women less than 40 yrs of age.
     - Cervical cancer infertility.
4. This method works well for women without any fallopian tube blockages.
5. The success rate of this treatment is around 20-30%.

6GIFT

1. GIFT or Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer is somewhat similar to the IVF technique.
2. A process where eggs & sperms are mixed together & inserted in female's fallopian tubes for fertilisation.
3. The difference between IVF & GIFT is that in GIFT, the fertilisation takes place inside the woman's body.
4. The success rate of this treatment is around 25-30%.

7ICAI

1. ICAI or Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection is used as a part of IVF technique.
2. It is the process by which a single sperm is injected directly into the egg.
3. It is recommended in case of:
     - Male infertility.
     - Sperm is unable to get to the egg.
     - Men with low sperm count.
     - People who do not want to use donor sperm.
4. Success rate of this treatment is around 30-35%.
5. The difference between IVF & ICAI is that in ICAI only a single sperm is used for fertilisation.

8AVOID DOUCHING

1. It is the process of rinsing the vagina to prevent bacterial infection & unwanted odours.
2. Douching after sexual intercourse will reduce the chances of conception.
3. Frequent douching results in imbalance of the pH (measure of acidity) of vagina causing vaginal infections.

9EXERCISE

1. As per a research, exercising for 3-4 hours a week increases the chances of getting pregnant.
2. Since excess of everything is bad, doing heavy exercise (more than 7-8 hours a week) can also decrease
    fertility as this reduces the hormone count.
3. Walking & swimming are good exercises as they keep you fit & help reduce weight, thus improving fertility.
4. Certain yoga postures/asanas also help in improving fertility-
     - Legs up on the wall: Lie on the ground with your butt close to the wall. Rest your legs on the wall so that
       you make a 90 degree angle with the pelvis. Stay in this position for 2-3 minutes.
     - Paschimottan Asana (Forward Bends).
     - Sirsh Asana (Head Stand) or Sarvang Asana (Shoulder Stand): These asanas help in regulating the
        hormones & hence improve fertility.

10OTHERS

1. Try different sexual positions. Raising female's hips by placing a pillow under her, missionary position
    (man on the top) & side-by-side position is considered good if you want to get pregnant, as it minimises
    the sperms from leaking out of vagina.
2. After the male orgasm, keep a pillow under the woman's hips raising her legs. Remain in this position for
    15 minutes & relax. This will help the sperm to stay close to the cervix.
3. Practise relaxation methods like meditation and yoga.
4. Eat food rich in vitamins and minerals like broccoli, dates, asparagus etc.
5. Warm oil massages on woman's abdomen is proved to be effective to support female reproductive organs.
6. Practise panchakarma-ayurvedic therapy (purification and detoxification treatment) to increase the
    metabolic activities of the body.
7. Relax and just stay calm. The more you worry, lesser the chance of you getting pregnant.